Neurological disorders affect the nervous system, which includes the brain, nerves and spinal cord. Structural, biochemical or electrical abnormalities can all cause dysfunctions in the central nervous system with devastating results. Neurological conditions include epilepsy, stroke multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s and Huntington’s disease, muscular dystrophy and dementia.
Neuroscience attempts to unravel the origins of disease
Vital research is driving breakthroughs in treating a range of neurological diseases. New techniques in genetics, cell and molecular biology and neuroimaging promise ways of tackling these insidious diseases. Trials of an implantable brain computer interface may help to restore function to people with spinal cord injury, stroke, motor neuron disease and muscular dystrophy, while clinical trials involving new treatments, devices and other interventions are addressing the most complex problems in neuroscience.
Image caption: Human neurons under the microscope.
Image credit: Florey Institute of Neuroscience