The study of global health focusses on tackling health inequalities around the world. Researchers working in this area seek to understand factors affecting countries where there are insufficient resources to adequately deal with health problems. They collaborate with local communities, governments, clinicians, healthcare providers and other organisations to deliver the best possible outcome to their communities.
Healthcare for all
Global health centres on challenges that cause:
- the greatest loss of life
- the greatest effect on quality of life
- the greatest economic burden on disadvantaged individuals or communities. Areas where global health initiatives have played a role include respiratory (e.g. COVID-19) and communicable diseases (e.g. HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis), maternal and child health, nutrition and mental health.
Global health initiatives involve:
- planning, monitoring and evaluating public health programs
- providing health education and promotion, especially in low- and middle-income countries
- assisting with research in disease prevention
- teaching and training local staff to deal with health emergencies
- providing funds to under-resourced countries to assist and improve responses to health crises
- providing funding to improve healthcare infrastructure
- providing medicines, vaccines and diagnostic tests to under-resourced countries.
Image caption: Global health.
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