The endocrine system is made up of glands that secrete hormones such as insulin, growth and thyroid hormones. Every organ in the body is affected by hormones, with sleep, mood, growth and body temperature controlled by these chemicals.

Understanding the role of hormones in disease

Researchers working in the field of endocrinology investigate the role of hormones in conditions such as diabetes, cancer, obesity, reproductive health and cardiovascular disease. Their focus is to translate the laboratory findings to improve the diagnosis and treatment and to potentially prevent disease.

Treatment to block hormones or reduce the level of hormones is already being used in people with breast and prostate cancer. Transplants with insulin-producing cells found in the pancreas to cure type 1 diabetes are also being carried out. Scientists are looking at the role of hormone production in obesity and investigating pharmacological options to help people live a healthier life. Other researchers are examining the role of hormones secreted by the adrenal gland in osteoporosis and arthritis.

Image caption: Human body glands anatomy (thyroid gland). 3D

Image credit: Shutterstock

The institutes listed below are currently researching Endocrinology, and more information about their discoveries can be found by visiting their websites.
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